Salim Idris, a Member of the political committee of the Syrian Opposition Coalition (SOC), has emphasized that the continued hold on power by the Assad regime and its brutal military tactics towards civilians, along with the deployment of sectarian militias, has led to the collapse of Syria.
Idris pointed out that the regime’s refusal to engage in any political solution or participate in a political process in accordance with UN resolutions is exacerbating the humanitarian crisis and enabling Russia and Iran to gain control over the country. He added that the spread of corruption is making the reform process even more difficult.
According to the annual corruption index report from Transparency International, Syria was named the second-most corrupt country in the world under the rule of Bashar al-Assad, retaining its low position for the second year in a row with a score of 13. This score ties with South Sudan and is only surpassed by Somalia.
Furthermore, Syria also ranked second, after Somalia, on the 2022 Impunity Index for unpunished crimes against journalists, with 80% of such murders taking place in retaliation for their work. A total of 263 crimes were committed with no punishment for the perpetrators.
In terms of democracy, Syria ranked 18th in the Arab world and 162nd globally, while it remained at the bottom of many international rankings for human rights and freedom of expression. The Global Risk company, which specializes in risk management services, also ranked Syria as the most corrupt country among the 180 evaluated in terms of corruption perceptions in the public sector.
(Source: SOC’s Media Department)